Discovery of New Elements

Recent investigation into transuranic elements has led to the discovery of multiple new elements in recent times. The GSI or Association for Heavy Research is one such institution at the forefront of elemental discovery. A team led by Peter Ambruster and Gottfried Munzenburg at GSI first discovered meitnurium in 1982 by bombarding bismuth with iron-58.

Discovering More Elements

In 1984 they produced the element hassium by bombarding lead with iron-58, in 1994 they produced darmstadtium and roentgeium by bombarding a nickel-64 nucleus into lead and bismuth respectively.


Since 1982, at total of 6 transuranic elements have been produced, all through the use of the GSI's Universal Linear Accelerator capable of producing 10MeV per nucleon. Although these elements are now established, they usually have an extremely short half lives and hence a short life span and are also only produced in small quantities. In the case of darmstadtium, the required reaction only takes place at very specific velocity of the nickel-64 nucleus, and the produced darmstadtium decayed in a thousandth of a second. These recently developed elements are not applicable in society at this point, however with continuing research and investigation into nuclear physics and chemistry, the applications of these elements may be useful in the future.