Effects of engineering innovation in transport on people's lives

CARS

  • At first the car was not easily accesible and was resisted by the public due to being slow, noisy and expensive.
  • The Model T Ford (1908) utilised a production line method of manufacture to make cheap and easily accessible cars.
  • The development of Four wheel brakes on the Austin 7 (1922) made the car safer
  • The further development and production of cars after the 1940s attracted people to the roads, allowing the rural areas and other far off regions to be linked with the cities.
  • The Mini Cooper (1959) was a car that allowed plenty of room, and the car was targeted towards families and made a friendlier image.
  • 1960-1970 brought about safety as a major issue and selling points with improvements in handling, braking and shell material/shape. Suspension and disc-brakes were major innovations.
  • By now the car has become a household item and were sometimes compared as a status symbol.
  • The Suez crisis raised fuel prices, leading to a boom in small cars and fuel efficiency research.
  • Around the 1980s computer systems were introduced to cars, improving their reliability and safety.
  • Currently in the 21st century, the car has many issues such as pollution and other environmental problems that are being tackled.