Saponification

Saponification is the process of making soap molecules from the chemical reaction in which fatty esters (fats and oils) are hydrolysed in basic conditions. This process converts fats and oils, via a basic reaction medium, to salts of these fatty acids.

General Form

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glyceryl tristearate + sodium hydroxide -> glycerol + sodium stearate

(CH)2CH(CH3(CH2)16)3 + 3NaOH -> H(HCOH)3H + 3CH3(CH2)16COO-Na+

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